ಮೂಕಪಂಚಶತೀ (ಮೂಕಕವಿ ಪ್ರಣೀತಾ)
(slokas ೨೬ to ೫೦)
Mooka Panchashati is a devotional composition by Muka Kavi dedicated to Kamakshi. The real name of the poet is not known. Legend has it that he was born dumb but regained not only his voice by the grace of Goddess Kamakshi but also became a poet of considerable merit. Mooka Panchashati consists of five satakams, each Satakam containing ೧೦೦ verses. The Satakams are Arya Satakam, Padaravinda Satakam, Stuti Satakam, Kataksha Satakam and Mandasmita Satakam.
Goddess Kamakshi is the presiding deity of Kancheepuram. Her consort is Ekamreshwara, an aspect of Lord Shiva. Kanchi is the Central Peetham established by Aadi Shankaracharya who installed and consecrated the idol of Kamakshi and established the system of worship there. The other Peethams are at Badrinath in the North, Dwarka in theWest, Puri in the East and Sringeri (Sringa giri) in the South.
The translation into English of a hymn of this nature is a delicate task and readers may kindly pardon the shortcomings, though every attempt has been made to make the translation as close as possible to the intended or perceived meaning.
ಮನೋಗೇಹೇ ಮೋಹೋದ್ಭವತಿಮಿರಪೂರ್ಣೇ ಮಮ ಮುಹು-
ರ್ದರಿದ್ರಾಣೀಕುರ್ವನ್ ದಿನಕರಸಹಸ್ರಾಣಿ ಕಿರಣೈಃ
ವಿಧತ್ತಾಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಸೃಮರತಮೋವಂಚನಚಣಃ
ಕ್ಷಣಾರ್ಧಂ ಸಾನ್ನಿಧ್ಯಂ ಚರಣಮಣಿದೀಪೋ ಜನನಿ ತೇ || ೨೬||
O Mother Kamakshi! My mind-house is full of darkness arising out of my delusions and desires. Your lotus-feet are like a manidipa (lamp of brilliant gemstone) brighter than a thousand suns and capable of dispelling the dense darkness in my heart. Kindly therefore let your lotus feet be present in my heart, just for a moment, so that the darkness inside is dispelled.
ಕವೀನಾಂ ಚೇತೋವನ್ನಖರರುಚಿಸಂಪರ್ಕಿ ವಿಬುಧ-
ಮದಂತಃ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಃ ಸ್ಫುರತು ಪದಪಂಕೇರುಹಯುಗಂ || ೨೭||
O Kamakshi! the pair of your lotus feet are in contact with the brightness of the nails (ನಖರರುಚಿ) even as the mind of the poets is in contact with the taste of the nails(ನಖರರುಚಿ)
[poets, in their creative effort, often bite their nails while in deep thought or imagination]. They are full of sound of the tinkling of the anklets (ಹಂಸಕರವೈಃ) just as the heavenly Ganga is full of sound of the swans (ಹಂಸಕರವೈಃ). They are also beautiful with a bright crimson tinge as the morning sunrise. May Those lotus feet of Kamakshi shine in my heart.
ಸದಾ ಕಿಂ ಸಂಪರ್ಕಾತ್ಪ್ರಕೃತಿಕಠಿನೈರ್ನಾಕಿಮುಕುಟೈ-
ವಿಭಿಂತೇ ಸಂಮೋಹಂ ಶಿಶಿರಯತಿ ಭಕ್ತಾನಪಿ ದೃಶಾ-
ಮದೃಶ್ಯಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕಟಯತಿ ತೇ ಪಾದಯುಗಲಂ || ೨೮||
O Kamkshi! Your lotus feet always come in contact with the naturally hard crowns of the celestials (when they bow down at your feet). They also come in contact with the valleys of Himavan (as your the daughter of Himavan covered with snow) and the minds of yogis which are very subtle, very minute. Is it because of this that they destroy delusion (because of their contact with hard objects) and cools the hearts of devotees (because of their contact with snow-covered valleys) and reveals things which are not visible to the naked eye (because of their contact with the minds of yogis)?
ಪವಿತ್ರಾಭ್ಯಾಮಂಬ ಪ್ರಕೃತಿಮೃದುಲಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ತವ ಶಿವೇ
ಪದಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಸಭಮಭಿಭೂತೈಃ ಸಚಕಿತೈಃ|
ಪ್ರವಾಲೈರಂಭೋಜೈರಪಿ ಚ ವನವಾಸವ್ರತದಶಾಃ
ಸದೈವಾರಭ್ಯಂತೇ ಪರಿಚರಿತನಾನಾದ್ವಿಜಗಣೈಃ || ೨೯||
O Mother, Consort of Shiva! tender leaves and lotuses are threatened and frightened by your purifying and naturally soft lotus feet. They therefore always start vanavasavrata (vow to stay in the forest) initiated by different kinds of birds. (It also could mean they observed vanavasa guided by brahmins because ದ್ವಿಜ means birds as well as brahmins)
ಚಿರಾದ್ದೃಶ್ಯಾ ಹಂಸೈಃ ಕಥಮಪಿ ಸದಾ ಹಂಸಸುಲಭಂ
ನಿರಸ್ಯಂತೀ ಜಾಡ್ಯಂ ನಿಯತಜಡಮಧ್ಯೈಕಶರಣಂ|
ಅದೋಷವ್ಯಾಸಂಗಾ ಸತತಮಪಿ ದೋಷಾಪ್ತಿಮಲಿನಂ
ಪಯೋಜಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಃ ಪರಿಹಸತಿ ಪಾದಾಬ್ಜಯುಗಲೀ || ೩೦||
The lotus feet of Kamakshi is seen by paramahamsas or yogis (ಹಂಸೈಃ) after a long time but the lotus is easily obtained by swans (ಹಂಸಸುಲಭಂ). The former drives away dullness (ಜಾಡ್ಯಂ) but the latter’s refuge is in the centre of water (ಜಡಮಧ್ಯೈಕಶರಣಂ). The former does not attach to anything bad but the latter is in contact with muddy water.
Thus the lotus-feet of Kamakshi mocks at the lotus.
ನಖೇಂದುಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸ್ನಾಭಿರ್ವಿಸೃಮರತಮಃ ಖಂಡನತಯಾ |
ರ್ವಿಲಾಸಃ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕಟಯತಿ ನೈಶಾಕರದಶಾಂ || ೩೧||
O Kamakshi ! the actions of your feet reveal they are akin to the moon. Like the moon they enhance the joy of the celestials as they bow to them. Like the moon, the rays from their toes dispel the darkness (of ignorance). Again like the moon, they make the lotus unhappy because they compete with it in beauty, softness and colour.
ಸಿತಿಮ್ನಾ ಕಾಂತೀನಾಂ ನಖರಜನುಷಾಂ ಪಾದನಲಿನ-
ಚ್ಛವೀನಾಂ ಶೋಣಿಮ್ನಾ ತವ ಜನನಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ನಮನೇ|
ಸ್ರಜಾಂ ಸಾಮೀಚೀನ್ಯಂ ಸುರಪುರಪುರಂಧ್ರೀಕಚಭರಾಃ || ೩೨||
O Kamakshi! when celestial damsels bow down at your feet, their locks get, as it were, a garland made of white mandara and red hibiscus flowers from the bright whiteness emanating from your toe nails and the bright redness from your lotus feet.
ನಖಶ್ರೀಸಂನದ್ಧಸ್ತಬಕನಿಚಿತಃ ಸ್ವೈಶ್ಚ ಕಿರಣೈಃ
ಪಿಶಂಗೈಃ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕಟಿತಲಸತ್ಪಲ್ಲವರುಚಿಃ|
ಸತಾಂ ಗಮ್ಯಃ ಶಂಕೇ ಸಕಲಫಲದಾತಾ ಸುರತರು-
ಸ್ತ್ವದೀಯಃ ಪಾದೋಽಯಂ ತುಹಿನಗಿರಿರಾಜನ್ಯತನಯೇ || ೩೩||
O Daughter of Himavan! the bright white rays from your toe nails create the impression of white blossoms and the red rays from your feet resemble the tender leaves. I think that your lotus feet is the wish-yielding tree of heaven which fulfils all wishes and which is sought after by the good.
ಸ್ಫುರನ್ಮಧ್ಯೇ ಶುದ್ಧೇ ನಖಕಿರಣದುಗ್ಧಾಬ್ಧಿಪಯಸಾಂ
ವಹನ್ನಬ್ಜಂ ಚಕ್ರಂ ದರಮಪಿ ಚ ಲೇಖಾತ್ಮಕತಯಾ|
ಶ್ರಿತೋ ಮಾತ್ಸ್ಯಂ ರೂಪಂ ಶ್ರಿಯಮಪಿ ದಧಾನೋ ನಿರುಪಮಾಂ
ತ್ರಿಧಾಮಾ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಃ ಪದನಲಿನನಾಮಾ ವಿಜಯತೇ || ೩೪||
Victory to the lotus feet of Kamakshi which shine from the bright white rays of the toe nails resembling the waters of the milky ocean, which have fine lines depicting the lotus, the disc and the conch, which have taken the form of fish and which have matchless beauty.
ಹವೀಂಷಿ ಪ್ರೋದ್ದಂಡಂ ಜ್ವಲತಿ ಪರಮಜ್ಞಾನದಹನೇ|
ಮಹೀಯಾನ್ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಸ್ಫುಟಮಹಸಿ ಜೋಹೋತಿ ಸುಧಿಯಾಂ
ಮನೋವೇದ್ಯಾಂ ಮಾತಸ್ತವ ಚರಣಯಜ್ವಾ ಗಿರಿಸುತೇ || ೩೫||
O Daughter of Himavan Kamakshi! Your lotus feet is the performer of sacrifice (ಯಜ್ವಾ). The mind of the wise is the platform where the sacrifice is performed. The tinkling sound of your anklets is the Vashatkriya. The waves of karma is the havis which flares up and burns up all ignorance.
ಮಹಾಮಂತ್ರಂ ಕಿಂಚಿನ್ಮಣಿಕಟಕನಾದೈರಿವ ಜಪ-
ನ್ಕ್ಷಿಪಂದಿಕ್ಷು ಸ್ವಚ್ಛಂ ನಖರುಚಿಮಯಂ ಭಾಸ್ಮನರಜಃ |
ನತಾನಾಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕೃತಿಪಟುರುಚ್ಚಾಟ್ಯ ಮಮತಾ-
ಪಿಶಾಚೀಂ ಪಾದೋಽಯಂ ಪ್ರಕಟಯತಿ ತೇ ಮಾಂತ್ರಿಕದಶಾಂ || ೩೬||
O Kamakshi ! your feet exhibit the characteristics of a mantrika. The tinkling of your diamond-studded anklets is like chanting of mantras. The rays of pure white emanating from your toe nails is like the blowing of ashes by the mantrika. Like the mantrika, your lotus feet, naturally efficient, drives away the ghost from the mind. The ghost in this case is egotism (the sense of ‘I’ and ‘Mine’) or attachment to worldly objects
ಉದೀತೇ ಬೋಧೇಂದೌ ತಮಸಿ ನಿತರಾಂ ಜಗ್ಮುಷಿ ದಶಾಂ
ದರಿದ್ರಾಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕಟಮನುರಾಗಂ ವಿದಧತೀ
ಪುರಂಧ್ರೀ ತೇ ಮಾತಃ ಸ್ವಯಮಭಿಸರತ್ಯೇವ ಹೃದಯಂ || ೩೭||
O Mother Kamakshi! When the moon of Knowledge rises and the darkness of ignorance is dispelled, the damsel of your lotus feet, manifesting love, covers herself with the white cloth of the bright rays of the nails and secretly seeks out and enters the heart.
ವಿಕಾಸೋ ವಾಸಂತಃ ಸುಕವಿಪಿಕಲೋಕಸ್ಯ ನಿಯತಂ|
ಪ್ರದೋಷಃ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕಟಪರಮಜ್ಞಾನಶಶಿನ-
ಶ್ಚಕಾಸ್ತಿ ತ್ವತ್ಪಾದಸ್ಮರಣಮಹಿಮಾ ಶೈಲತನಯೇ|| ೩೮||
O Kamakshi! Daughter of Himavan! the greatness of remembering your lotus feet is that it makes the devotee a great poet like the cuckoo in the spring season when the beginning of the day ( sunrise, earlier life) is marked by the fresh blossoming of forests of lotuses ( the bright crimson of your lotus feet) and the evening (sunset, later life) is marked by the appearance of the moon of Ultimate Knowledge (the bright white rays from your toe nails).
ಧೃತಚ್ಛಾಯಂ ನಿತ್ಯಂ ಸರಸಿರುಹಮೈತ್ರೀಪರಿಚಿತಂ
ನಿಧಾನಂ ದೀಪ್ತೀನಾಂ ನಿಖಿಲಜಗತಾಂ ಬೋಧಜನಕಂ|
ಮುಮುಕ್ಷೂಣಾಂ ಮಾರ್ಗಪ್ರಥನಪಟು ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪದವೀಂ
ಪದಂ ತೇ ಪಾತಂಗೀಂ ಪರಿಕಲಯತೇ ಪರ್ವತಸುತೇ|| ೩೯||
O Kamakshi! your lotus feet take on the position of the Sun by providing shade (to devotees), by being friendly to the lotus, by being the repository of all things bright, by imparting knowledge to all the worlds, by showing the path to those who want to attain liberation.
ಶನೈಸ್ತೀರ್ತ್ವಾ ಮೋಹಾಂಬುಧಿಮಥ ಸಮಾರೊಢುಮನಸಃ
ಶ್ರಮಾತ್ಕೈವಲ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾಂ ಸುಕೃತಿಸುಲಭಾಂ ಸೌಧವಲಭೀಂ|
ಲಭಂತೇ ನಿಃಶ್ರೆಣೀಮಿವ ಝಟಿತಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಚರಣಂ
ಪುರಶ್ಚರ್ಯಾಭಿಸ್ತೇ ಪುರಮಥನಸೀಮಂತಿನಿ ಜನಾಃ || ೪೦||
O Kamakshi! consort of the destroyer of the triple cities!
Those who have slowly crossed this ocean of delusion which is samsara and are desirous of ascending the mansion of kaivalya (the highest state) get your feet as the ladder by devotional service at your lotus feet.
ತ್ಪ್ರವಾಹಪ್ರೋದ್ದಂಡೀಕರಣಜಲದಾಯ ಪ್ರಣಮತಾಂ |
ಪ್ರದೀಪಾಯ ಪ್ರೌಢೇ ಭವತಮಸಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಚರಣ-
ಪ್ರಸಾದೌನ್ಮುಖ್ಯಾಯ ಸ್ಪೃಹಯತಿ ಜನೋಽಯಂ ಜನನಿ ತೇ || ೪೧||
O Mother Kamakshi ! your lotus feet are like the clouds from which ensues torrential rains causing a flood of knowledge annihilating the greed and anger of those who prostrate before you. I, on my part, would like to have the prasada (grace, blessing) of your lotus feet, the lamp which would dispel the darkness of samsara
ಮರುದ್ಭಿಃ ಸಂಸೇವ್ಯಾ ಸತತಮಪಿ ಚಾಂಚಲ್ಯರಹಿತಾ
ಸದಾರುಣ್ಯಂ ಯಾಂತೀ ಪರಿಣತಿದರಿದ್ರಾಣಸುಷಮಾ|
ಪ್ರವಾಲಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಃ ಪರಿಹಸತಿ ಪಾದಾಬ್ಜಯುಗಲೀ || ೪೨||
The lotus feet of Kamakshi mocks at the coral because
the former is always moving as the wind but the latter is without movement; the former is always bright red but the latter loses it shine as it ages and the former has the good good quality of generating the sweet tinkling of its anklets while the latter is good at creating only harsh sound.
ಸುರೈರ್ನಮ್ಯಾ ರಮ್ಯಾ ಸತತಮಭಿಗಮ್ಯಾ ಬುಧಜನೈಃ|
ದ್ವಯೀ ಲೀಲಾಲೋಲಾ ಶ್ರುತಿಷು ಸುರಪಾಲಾದಿಮುಕುಟೀ-
ತಟೀಸೀಮಾಧಾಮ ತವ ಜನನಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿಪದಯೋಃ || ೪೩||
The pair of your lotus feet are capable of protecting all the worlds. They are skilled in teaching good conduct. The celestials bow down before it and they are beautiful. They are always approachable by the wise (sages). The Vedas and Upanishads are their play fields and they are the boundary for the crowns Indra and others wear on their heads.
ಗಿರಾಂ ದೂರೌ ಚೋರೌ ಜಡಿಮತಿಮಿರಾಣಾಂ ಕೃತಜಗ-
ತ್ಪರಿತ್ರಾಣೌ ಶೋಣೌ ಮುನಿಹೃದಯಲೀಲೈಕನಿಪುಣೌ|
ನಖೈಃ ಸ್ಮೇರೌ ಸಾರೌ ನಿಗಮವಚಸಾಂ ಖಂಡಿತಭವ-
ಗ್ರಾಹೋನ್ಮಾದೌ ಪಾದೌ ಮಮ ಮನಸಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಕಲಯೇ || ೪೪||
O kamakshi! I see before my mind’s eye your lotus feet which are far removed from words, which destroy dullness and darkness of ignorance, which protect the worlds, which are good at playing in the hearts of sages, which appear smiling from the brightness of the toe nails, which are the essence of the Upanishads and which stop the madness of the samsara-alligator
ಅವಿಶ್ರಾಂತಂ ಪಂಕಂ ಯದಪಿ ಕಲಯನ್ಯಾವಕಮಯಂ
ನಿರಸ್ಯನ್ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಣಮನಜುಷಾಂ ಪಂಕಮಖಿಲಂ|
ತುಲಾಕೋಟಿದ್ವಂದ್ವಂ ದಧದಪಿ ಚ ಗಚ್ಛನ್ನತುಲತಾಂ
ಗಿರಾಂ ಮಾರ್ಗಂ ಪಾದೋ ಗಿರಿವರಸುತೇ ಲಂಘಯತಿ ತೇ || ೪೫||
O Kamakshi! though your lotus feet is being dirtied (smeared) with the liquid lac dye they remove all the dirt from the mind of those who prostrate before them. Though they wear two anklets (ತುಲಾಕೋಟಿ) they are without comparison (ಅತುಲತಾ). O Daughter of Himavan! your lotus feet transcend the path of words.
ಪ್ರವಾಲಂ ಸವ್ರೀಡಂ ವಿಪಿನವಿವರೇ ವೇಪಯತಿ ವಾ
ಸ್ಫುರಲ್ಲೀಲಂ ಬಾಲಾತಪಮಧಿಕಬಾಲಂ ದಧತಿ ಯಾ |
ರುಚಿಂ ಸಾಂಧ್ಯಾಂ ವಂಧ್ಯಾಂ ವಿರಚಯತಿ ಯಾ ವರ್ಧಯತು ಸಾ
ಶಿವಂ ಮೇ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಃ ಪದನಲಿನಪಾಟಲ್ಯಲಹರೀ || ೨.೪೬||
Let the red tinge in the lotus feet of Kamakshi make the leaf buds in the forest tremble, let them playfully make the morning sunlight still more red or make the brightness of evening twilight useless. May the waves of redness in the feet of Kamakshi increase my auspiciousness.
ಕಿರಂಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸ್ನಾರೀತಿಂ ನಖಮಣಿರುಚಾ ಹಂಸಮನಸಾಂ
ವಿತನ್ವಾನಃ ಪ್ರೀತಿಂ ವಿಕಚತರುಣಾಂಭೋಜರುಚಿಃ|
ಪ್ರಕಾಶಃ ಶ್ರೀಪಾದಸ್ತವ ಜನನಿ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ತನುತೇ
ಶರತ್ಕಾಲಪ್ರೌಢಿಂ ಶಶಿಶಕಲಚೂಡಪ್ರಿಯತಮೇ || ೪೭||
O Mother Kamakshi! Consort of Shiva who wears the crescent moon on his head! your lotus feet radiates moonlight by the white brightness of your toe nails and please the hearts of saints. They are of the red colour of freshly blooming lotuses. Thus the brightness of your pretty feet creates the season of sharat (the season after the rainy season)
ಕೃತಸ್ನಾನಂ ಜ್ಞಾನಾಮೃತಮಲಮಾಸ್ವಾದ್ಯ ನಿಯತಂ|
ಉದಂಚನ್ಮಾಂಜೀರಸ್ಫುರಣಮಣಿದೀಪೇ ಮಮ ಮನೋ
ಮನೋಜ್ಞೇ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಶ್ಚರಣಮಣಿಹರ್ಮ್ಯೇ ವಿಹರತಾಂ || ೪೮||
O Kamakshi! the brightness radiating from your toe nails which is like a bright smile resemble the sparkling waters of Ganga in which mind takes a pleasant bath and having drunk to the heart’s fill the nectar of Knowledge, may that mind of mine play at Kamakshi’s lotus feet which are pretty and are lighted by the sparkling gems in the anklets
ಭವಾಂಬೋಧೌ ನೌಕಾಂ ಜಡಿಮವಿಪಿನೇ ಪಾವಕಶಿಖಾಂ
ಶುಕಸ್ತ್ರೀಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾ ಮನಸಿ ಕಲಯೇ ಪಾದಯುಗಲೀಂ || ೪೯||
The lotus feet of Kamakshi are the boat for crossing the ocean of this samsara. They are like fire in the forest of dullness. They are the head ornament of Indra and other celestials who bow down at them. They are like the moonlight for the heat (misery) of the worlds. They are like the female parrot in the cage which is not closed.
ಮನೋಜ್ಞಸ್ತ್ವತ್ಪಾದೋ ಮಣಿಮುಕುರಮುದ್ರಾಂ ಕಲಯತೇ|
ಯದೀಯಾಂ ಕಾಮಾಕ್ಷಿ ಪ್ರಕೃತಿಮಸೃಣಾಃ ಶೋಧಕದಶಾಂ
ವಿಧಾತುಂ ಚೇಷ್ಟಂತೇ ಬಲರಿಪುವಧೂಟೀಕಚಭರಾಃ || ೫೦||
O Kamakshi! Your pretty feet act as a mirror of diamonds capable of reflecting the effulgence of the Paratman (Higher Self) for those who prostrate before you. It seems as if the naturally soft hair on the heads of celestial damsels tries to wipe this mirror clean, as they bow down at Your feet.